BHU B.Sc. Biology UET 2018 Question with Complete Solution

Published by Navneet Tripathi on

BHU UET biology solutions

  Q1. Composition of nucleoside is :

  1. Purine/ Pyramidine + Phosphate
  2. Purine / Pyramidine + Sugar
  3.  Pyramidine + Purine + Phosphate
  4. Purine + Sugar + Phosphate

Solution

Option (2) :  Purine / Pyramidine + Sugar

Explanation : In nucleoside there is no phosphate group hence, option (2) is the only where no phosphate  group.

                          Nucleoside = Nitrogenous base + pentose sugar.

Q2. Eyes on potato tubers represent :

  1. Rootlets
  2. Nodes with buds
  3. Scars
  4. Sulures

Solution

Option (2) : Nodes with buds

Explanation : Eyes on potato tubers are usually germinating eye bud represents nodes with buds.

Q3. Which one of the following is involved in photo-morphogenetic movements ?

  1. Cytochrome
  2. Phytochrome
  3. Chromatin
  4. Vernalin

Solution

Option (2) : Phytochrome

Explanation : These movements are light mediated & phytochrome is responsible for this movement.

Q4. Tyloses are :

  1. Lactiferous channels
  2. Secretory cells
  3. Sieve plates
  4. Tracheal plugs plugging the lumen of vessels and tracheids

Solutions

Option (4) :  Tracheal plugs plugging the lumen of vessels and tracheids

Explanation: The balloon shaped structures called tracheal plugs formed in the xylem vessel of heartwood, due to intrusions of secondary xylem parenchyma are called tyloses. These tracheal plugs plug the lumen of vessels & tracheids.

Q5. A chain of amino acids joined by peptide  bonds is called as :

  1. Peptide chain
  2. Polypeptide chain   
  3. Polyamino acid chain
  4. Nucleotide chain

Solution

Option (2) : Polypeptide chain

Explanation :  Chain of Amino Acids + Peptide bond = Polypeptide chain

Q6. The hormone responsible for ripening of fruits is :

  1. Ethylene
  2. Cytokinin
  3. Auxin
  4. ABA

Solution

Option (1) : Ethylene

Explanation : Ethylene responsible for ripening of fruits.

                            eg. Citrus, Orange, Banana etc….

Q7. Coir, the commercial product of coconuts is :

Solutions

  1. Mesocarp
  2. Pericarp
  3. Endocarp
  4. Endosperm

Option (1) : Mesocarp

Explanation :  Coir, the commercial product of coconout is fleshy; becomes husk on drying is a natural fibre obtained from mesocarp of coconout fruit.

Q8. Deficiency of molybdenum causes :

  1. Wilting
  2. Mottling
  3. Reclamation
  4. Necrosis

Solution

Option (4) : Necrosis

Explanation :  Molybdenum deficiency results in poor nitrate reductase activity which leads to  development of symptoms like pale yellow with interveinal and marginal chlorosis (yellowing) and necrosis (scald).

Q9. Law of limiting factor was given by :

  1. Blackman  
  2. Hill
  3. Taylor
  4. Arnon

Solution

Option (1) :   Blackman

Explanation :   The law of limiting factors given by Blackman states that “when a process is conditioned to its rapidity by a number of factors, then role of process is limited by the pace of the slowest factor”.

Q10.   The first reaction in photorespiration is :

  1. Decarboxylation 
  2. Oxygenation
  3. Carboxylation  
  4. Phosphorylation

Solution

Option (2) :  Oxygenation

Explanation :  The light dependent uptake of O2 & release of CO2 in C3 photosynthetic cell is called photo-respiration or C2 cycle.

Q11. Morphine is obtained from :

  1.   Aconitum nacelles
  2. Papaver somniferum
  3. Rauwolffia serpentine
  4. Cinchona officinalis

Solution

Option (2) :  Papaver somniferum       

Explanation :  Morphine, Heroin etc. are opoids extracted from the latex  of poppy plant Papaver somniferum.

Q12. The factor influencing process of flowerings is :

  1.  Amount of chlorophyll
  2. Soil water
  3. Soil p11
  4. Photoperiod

Solution

Option (4) :  Photoperiod

Explanation :  Photoperiod is effect or requirement of relative length of day & night on flowering plants which influences flowering process.

Q13. Plant group known as vascular cryptogam is :

  1. Pteridophytes
  2.  Bryophytes
  3.  Gymnosperms
  4. Algae

Solution

Option (1) :  Pteridophytes  

Explanation:  Pteridophytes is the vascular plant but they produces neither flower nor seeds, hence are referred to as “cryptogams (hidden reproduction), hence they are called as vascular cryptogams.

Q14. Major enzyme involved in atmospheric nitrogen fixation:

  1. Urease 
  2. Nitrogenase 
  3.   Hydrogenase 
  4. Nitrate reductase

Solution

Option (2) :  Nitrogenase

Explanation :  N2 fixation requires 3 components

  1. A strong reducing agent NADH2 (FADH2)
  2. ATP
  3. Nitrogenase enzyme (formed by nitgene)

Q15. Which one is most primitive ?

  1. Cyanobacteria  
  2. Bacteria   
  3. Fungi
  4. Protozoa

Solution

Option (2) :  Bacteria

Explanation :  Archaebacteria is the most primitive when we go through evolutionary pattern and Cyanobacteria evolved after them so bacteria is the correct answer.

Q16. Major constituent of plasma membrane is:

  1. Carbohydrate 
  2. Vitamin
  3. Calcium  
  4. Lipids

Solution

Option (4) : Lipids

Explanation :  Major constituent of plasma- membrane is as follows

                                                     Lipids = 40%

                                                Proteins = 58.59%

                                           Carbohydrate = 1 – 2 %

Q17. Trimerous floral characteristic is found in the family :

  1. Malvaceae
  2. Cruciferae
  3. Liliaceae   
  4. Poaceae

Solution

Option (3) :  Liliaceae  

Explanation :  A flowers may be trimerous tetramerous or pentamerous when the floral appendages are in the multiple of 3,4 or 5 respectively. 

Q18.  The fungus Rhizopus occurs in the nature as :

  1. Parasite
  2. Symbiotic
  3. Saprophyte 
  4. Photoautotroph

Solution

Option (3) :  Saprophyte  

Explanation :  Fungus Rhizopus feeds on dead and decaying plant material ; hence of saprophyte nature.  

Q19. The specific characters of C4 plant is :

  1. Bulliform cells  
  2.  Kranz anatomy
  3. Parallel venation     
  4. Isobilateral leaf

Solution

Option (2) :  Kranz Anatomy

Explanation :  Kranz (wreath) anatomy present in leaves of C4 plants is specific features of C4 plants.

Q20. Which of the following is found as endosymbiotic diazotrophic microorganism

  1. Rizobium  
  2. Nostoc
  3. Frankia 
  4. Azospirithon

Solution

Option (2) :  Nostoc

Explanation :  In coralloid roots of cycas, blue green algae present.

                              eg. Nostoc, Anabena 

Q21. The unicellular green alga Chlorella is :

  1. Biflagellate 
  2. Multiflagellate
  3. Non-flagellate
  4. Uniflagellate

Solution

Option (3) :  Non-flagellate  

Explanation :  Unicellular green alga chlorella is non-flagellate.

Q22. Which of the algal photosynthetic pigment is proteinaceous and water soluble ?

  1.  Facoxanthin
  2. Chlorophyl-a
  3. Non-flagellate    
  4. Uniflagellate

Solution

Option (4) :  Phycobillins  

Explanation :  Phycobillin is red or blue photosynthetic pigment present in photosynthetic algae and cyanobact’eria is proteinaceous & water soluble.

Q23. Which one of the following spore of Puccinia is the product of meiotic division ?

  1. Aceiospore
  2.  Basidiospore
  3. Teleospore
  4. Uredospore

Solution

Option (2) : Basidiospores  

Explanation :  Telutospore undergoes meiotic division to give basidiopores as they are product of meiotic division.

Q24. In moss, the middle sterile part of capsule is called :

  1.  Foot    
  2.   Protonema
  3. Columella 
  4.  Spore sac

Solution

Option (3) :  Columella  

Explanation :  In moss, the middle sterile part of capsule is called columella made up of parenchymatous tissue cells.

Q25. Azolla is  an important source of :

  1. Bropesticide   
  2. Fungicide
  3.  Biofertilizer  
  4.  Herbicide

Solution

Option (3) :  Biofertilizer

Explanation :  Azolia is rich is proteins, essentials AminoAcids, vitamin & minerals is an important source of biofertilizer for wetland paddy.

Q26. Water vascular system is characteristic of :

  1. Porifera
  2. Ctenophora
  3.  Echinodermata     
  4. Chordata

Solution

Option (3) :  Echinodermata 

Explanation :  Water vascular system is characteristics feature of Echinodermata.

Q27. In Urochordata :

  1. Notochord is not present
  2. Notochord is present throughout the life
  3. Notochord is present only in larval tail region
  4. Notochord is replaced by vertebral column

Solution

Option (3) :  Notochord is present only in larval tail region

Q28. Four chambered heart is present in :

  1. Crocodile
  2. Toad
  3. Zebra fish   
  4. Sea horse

Solution

Option (1) :  Crocodile  

Explanation :  Except crocodile, having 4 -chambered heart, all reptiles have 3 -chambered heart with 2 atria and 1 ventricle.

Q29. If mouth develops from blastopore, the animal is called :

  1. Deuterostome     
  2. Blastostome
  3. Schizostome
  4. Protostome

Solution

Option (4) :  Protostome  

Explanation :  During embryonic development & mouth develops from Blastomere this condition kla protostome.

Q30. The total output of photosynthesis including the organic matter used up in respiration during the period of measurement, is called as :

  1. Net primary productivity  
  2. Gross primary productivity
  3. Net community productivity
  4. Secondary productivity

Solution

Option (1) : Net primary productivity  

Explanation :  During photosynthesis, light energy is trapped as source of energy and carbon fixation done by absorbing CO2 in atmosphere and net product is sugar.

This phenomenon of net production of sugar is called Net primary productivity.

Q31. A population is a group of :

  1. Species in a community 
  2.  Individuals of a species in a given area 
  3. Communities in an ecosystem 
  4. Individual in a family

Solution

Option (2) :   Individuals of a species in a given area

Explanation :  Population is defined as a group of individuals of species present in a given or particular area.

Q32. Fossil remains of Archaeopteryx were recovered from the rocks of the :

  1. Triassic period  
  2. Jurassic period
  3. Palaeozoic era 
  4. Pliocene epoch

Solution

Option (2) :  Jurassic period

Explanation :  Fossil remains of Archaeopteryx were recovered from the rocks of the Jurassic period when the climatic conditions killed the dinosaurs. 

Q33. Which of the following is an example of transformation of chemical energy to light energy ?

  1. Bioluminescence
  2. Autoradiography
  3.  Muscle contraction
  4. Ion transport

Solution

Option (1) :   Bioluminescence     

Explanation :  The bioluminescent organisms have a special organ that produces light through a chemical reaction.

Q34. Which of the following enzymes is used extensively for gene cloning ?

  1. DNA methylase
  2.  DNA topoisomerase
  3. Exonuclease  
  4. Restriction endonuclease

Solution

Option (4) :   Restriction endonuclease

Explanation :  Restriction endonuclease enzyme are the most widely used for gene cloning.

Q35. In a centrifuge, separation of suspended particles is achieved by :

  1. Buoyant density
  2. Gravitational force 
  3. Centrifugal force
  4. Centripetal force

Solution

Option (3) :  Centrifugal force

Explanation :  Centrifugation is a technique used for separation of particles from a solution according to their size, shape and density.

This is done by centrifugation of particulate mixture in a density gradient column.

Q36. In a diploid individual the number of allele will be :

  1. One
  2.  two
  3. multiple  
  4.  None of these

Solution

Option (2) :  two 

Explanation:  In diploid individual, means one that has two copies of each chromosome two alleles will be there to make up the genotype of an individual.

Q37. 137.  In a mutation if one amino acid is replaced by another amino acid, such mutation is termed as :

  1. Nonsense mutation   
  2. Missense mutation
  3.  Frame shift mutation
  4. Point mutation

Solution

Option (2) :   Missense mutation

Explanation :  A missense mutation is the type of mutation in which single base pair causes replacement of different amino acid.

Q38. Which of the following is the largest chromosome ?

  1. Satellite chromosome  
  2. Chromosome 1
  3. Telocentric chromosome    
  4. Polytene chromosome

Solution

Option (2) :  Chromosome 1

Explanation :  Chromosome 1 is the largest chromosome having over 240 million bp.

Q39.  The membrane phospholipids form bilayer due to:

  1.  Its amphipathic nature
  2. presence of unsaturated fatty acids in its head
  3.  presence of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in its tail
  4. presence of cholesterol along with phospholipids

Solution

Option (1) :   Its amphipathic nature

Explanation :  It means they have hydrophilic head and hydrophobic tail so they orient themselves accordingly in bilayer.

Q40. Weberian ossicles are found in :

  1. Coelentrates 
  2. Sponges
  3. Cartilaginous fish
  4.  Osteochytes

Solution

Option (4) :   Osteochytes

Explanation :   Weberian ossicles is a paired chain of 3 to 4 small bones in certain fishes which connects the air bladder since, air bladder present in osteochytes fishes. Hence, the correct answer is osteochytes fishes.

Q41. Hydra is :

  1. Monoblastic 
  2. Diploblastic
  3. Triploblastic 
  4. Polyblastic

Solution

Option (2) :   Diploblastic 

Explanation :  Hydra is an example of coelenterate and in coelentrata diploblastic germ layer present.

Q42. Leishmania causes

  1. Malaria
  2. Dysentery
  3. Sleeping sickness
  4. Kala azar

Solution

Option (4) :  Kala azar

Explanation : Leishmaniasis is causes by Protozoa parasite, Kala azar is one of the diseases caused by Leishmania.

Q43.  One NADH is oxidized by the electron transport system with subsequent production of :

  1. no ATP  
  2.  one ATP
  3.  three ATP 
  4.  four ATP

Solution

Option (3) :  three ATP

Explanation :               1 NADH  =  3 ATP 

                                     1 FADH2  =  2 ATP

                                         1 GTP  =  2 ATP

Q44. In an enzyme catalyzed reaction, the energy of activation is :

  1. Decreased  
  2. Increased 
  3.  Unchanged
  4. equal to free energy difference 

Solution

Option (1) :  decreased

Explanation :  catalyt or enzyme catalyzed reaction lower the activation energy for reaction.

Q45. Okazaki fragments are :

  1. RNA primers
  2. Short DNA fragments synthesized on leading strand
  3. Short DNA fragments synthesized on lagging strand
  4. fragments generated by DNA polymerase

Solution

Option (3) :   Short DNA fragments synthesized on lagging strand 

Explanation :  In Replication fork the lagging strand on which short DNA fragments are synthesised. 

Q46. Initiation codon in eukaryotes is : 

  1. GUU 
  2.  UAA
  3. UAG    
  4. AUG

Solution

Option (4) :  AUG

Explanation :  Initiation codon is the first codon of a messanger RNA translated by a Ribosome start codon AUG codes for methionine in Eukaryotes.

Q47. A hollow ball of cells develop into three germ layers ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm during the embryonic development, by the process of :

  1. Cleavage
  2. gastrulation
  3.  blastulation
  4. syncytium

Solution

Option (2) :  gastrulation

Explanation :  Gastrulation is the process during which differentiation of three primary germ layers, formation of archenteron and migration of prospective endomesodermal cells.

Q48. Rennin present in the gastric juice of infants digests :

  1. Carbohydrates
  2. proteins
  3. fats 
  4. nucleic acids

Solution

Option (2) :  Rennin

Explanation :  Rennin present in the gastric juice of infants digests milk protein casein.

Q49. A donor having blood group AB cannot donate his/ her blood to the receiver who has blood group O because :

  1. donor has both the antigens  
  2. donor has both the antibodies
  3. recipient has both antigens 
  4.  donor has both the antigens and both the antibodies

Solution

Option (1) :  donor has both the antigens  

Explanation :  In AB both antigens are present and in recipient ‘O’ both antigens are absent. So, if AB blood donated to ‘O’ transfusion reaction may occur and that would be very harmful for the patient.

Q50. The most abundant class of antibodies in milk is :

  1.  IgM
  2. IgD
  3. IgG   
  4.  IgA

Solution

Option (4) :  IgA

Explanation :  IgA primary antibodies present in colostrum (first milk after baby born), also present in saliva, mucous, sweat, tears etc.

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Navneet Tripathi

Pursuing B.Sc. B.Ed from Central University of South Bihar, Gaya. Co-Founder: Dynamic Education(YouTube Channel ) Aim: Make learning easy and accessible to all

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